What is Geonor Geomembrane and how are they used? Geomembrane in Ghana explained.

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What Is a Geonor Geomembrane?

Geonor Geomembrane in Ghana

A geomembrane could sound like an unsound medical experiment, and however, its functions and applications are diverse and intriguing. Geomembranes are artificial membrane liners or barriers used to regulate water flow in a structure, project, or system. They are thin polymeric sheets made of an infusion process of geotextiles asphalt, elastomer, and polymer sprays. Their applications to geotechnical engineering and industrial clients are endless.

Geomembranes are utilized in hydraulic, environmental transportation, transport, oil, and gas industries, as well as in the sectors of waste. The most used kind is the continuous sheets of polymer. If larger geomembranes are required to be used, they are either chemically fused between the seams to ensure toughness or long-lasting. The dimension of the geomembrane can be entirely customizable, which means they can be as small as a backyard pond or as huge as a football field if needed.

To give you a clearer idea of what you could use geomembranes to accomplish, here are some commonly used applications:

  1. As liners for potable and reserve waters (e.g., the secure shut down of nuclear power plants).
  2. As pond liner for fish.
  3. For lining wastewater liquids (e.g., the sewage Sludge), Radioactive or hazardous waste liquids.
  4. To line the agricultural industry.
  5. For lining various waste canals for the conveyance of waste.
  6. Liners for primary, secondary, or secondary solid waste landfills as well as waste piles.
  7. For linings to spillways in case of emergency.
  8. As waterproofing liners for pipelines and tunnels.
  9. To contain and transport liquids inside trucks.
  10. To hold and move potable drinking water and other liquids found in the ocean.
  11. Below highways to avoid the pollution caused by salts used for de-icing.
  12. Under and near highways to catch dangerous liquid spills.

In essence, geomembranes are utilized whenever the loss of material can’t be permitted, such as clear water, wastewater, and vapor, dangerous soil substances, or any other material that doesn’t have to be escaped from the designated space. Because pooling, flowing freezing, stagnant, or thick liquids (and even the vapours) can be destructive when not adequately managed, these geomembranes allow the industry to grow and fund more projects than they had before.


Geomembrane in Ghana Explained

Geosynthetic materials have been incorporated into the construction process of many major industries. The cost and physical properties offer significant advantages over traditional options. Geosynthetics are produced from different artificial polymers. They are employed together with rocks or soil to improve the durability of terrains.

They are utilized in mining, civil, and transportation infrastructure projects because of their ability to resolve various engineering issues that concern soil reinforcement erosion control, containment, and soil reinforcement. Geosynthetic materials are classified into four kinds. Geotextiles, geomembranes, geocells, and geo-composites. The most well-known of these is geomembrane.


Geomembranes are impermeable geosynthetic material made of thin layers of polymers. Geomembranes form an impenetrable barrier that stops the spread of harmful chemicals or chemical substances to the environment around them.

They also serve to contain the irrigation and potable water storage requirements to prevent leakage. Geomembranes can be used together with other geosynthetic items to limit fluid movement and to control the flow of fluids in mining projects, canal construction, and sewage treatment.


The increasing use of geomembranes is evident in a variety of industries because of the flexibility that the material offers. Geomembranes can be found in a range of applications in various industries, including mining, civil, marine transportation, water treatment, and more. A few of these are listed below.

Mining Industry

Geonor Geomembrane for Mining Industry in Ghana


The use of geomembrane in the mining industry began in the 1970s and has grown since then. It is utilized as a lining solution for evaporation ponds, heap leach pads, and tailings impoundments.

The construction and design of the heap leach pads are controlled to safeguard the surroundings against exposure to hazardous chemicals. Therefore, the lining system, typically made up of HDPE geomembrane, is an essential component in the design and construction of the heap leach facilities.

Geomembranes are also utilized at the final stages of a mine’s existence. During the process of restoring mines, HDPE liners are being used to close the mine and stop contaminants from entering the environment around it. In the end, geomembrane liner is an effective and safe solution to safeguard the domain from the harmful effects of industries.

Water Industry

Geonor Geomembrane for Water Reservoir in Ghana

Geomembrane for dam lining.

HDPE geomembranes play an essential part in providing clean water to communities. They are utilized in the provision of drinking water as well as wastewater treatment, which includes the treatment of sewage. When dams, canals, and reservoirs are secured with geomembrane lines, they can prevent the contamination of groundwater.

Geomembrane can also be used to shield drinking water with soil and other contaminants and to prevent loss of water due to infiltration of water into the ground. The lining of a canal or dam reduces the amount of seepage, thereby increasing the efficiency of storage and transport. Geomembranes are also utilized as secondary containers for the underground tanks for storage, solar ponds, and brine solutions.

Marine (Pontoon Construction)

Geonor Geomembrane for Marine works

HDPE Geomembrane that is used in pontoon construction.

HDPE geomembranes can be found in the marine industry, specifically in the design of floating docks and Jetty platforms that are supported with pontoons. When building, the HDPE geomembrane is wrapped around the flotation foam of the pontoon to create the protection needed to increase the longevity of the item. When it is lined with HDPE geomembrane, the foam will be protected from the effects of marine life or environmental forces, as well as other pollutants in the water.

It also adds floating to pontoons and helps to prevent deterioration due to severe weather, thereby improving the lifespan of the pontoon. Refer to Pond or Pontoon Plastic Liner Applications for more details.

Agriculture and Nurseries

Geomembrane is a lining material for agriculture.

HDPE liners are used extensively by farmers for lining dams and ponds because they offer cost-effective and durable containment solutions.

Geomembranes can also be used in nurseries for a variety of purposes, such as waterproofing and containment of soils. HDPE liner use in commercial greenhouses is rising because customers are moving away from PVC and the LDPE liner. For instance, gardeners are showing an increasing interest in HDPE geomembranes as an alternative to a permanent option for bed lining as well as basket lining.

Furthermore, HDPE liners can be utilized to create linings for secondary containment of storage tanks for fertilizers and chemicals because of the wide range of its applications and its long-lasting properties.

Manufacturing Process

The process starts with selecting the suitable polymer resin, which is usually in the form of pellets. Following that, other additives like carbon black, plasticizers, antioxidants, and lubricants are incorporated. The resin formulation and other additives are then introduced into a hopper, which will then be extruded horizontally. The formula is moved via a unidirectional screw that goes through the feed section as well as compression, metering, and filtering stages. After which, it is fed into a die to produce sheets of different sizes and thicknesses through Calendaring.

The addition of additives to the formulation stops the formation of oxidation and increases longevity. Carbon black may be added to the formulation to improve the stability of the product under ultraviolet light, which makes HDPE that is black, one of the UV-resistant materials in the market.

Types of Geomembranes

Depending on the resin of the parent employed, various types of geomembranes are made available—the most popular geomembranes listed here.

HDPE Geomembrane

HDPE (High-Density Polyethylene) is the most used geomembrane. It is the most preferred option for projects that require lining due to its strength, durability, UV resistance, and relatively low material costs.

HDPE geomembranes are typically chosen to be used in applications that are exposed, like landfills and reservoir covers, as well as ponds and canal liners. It is because of its lower initial cost of the material and the high resistance to the chemical. HDPE is available in higher dimensions than other geomembrane types don’t offer. HDPE geomembrane is also highly robust relative to its weight and can stand up to higher temperatures.

One of the greatest attributes of this geomembrane is its chemical as well as UV resistance. This makes it suitable for large-area installations where top quality is necessary. In addition, HDPE is food safe and can be used for the storage of water that is potable.

LLDPE Geomembrane

Linear Low-Density Polyethylene (LLDPE) geomembranes have greater flexibility than HDPE, which makes them better suited for installers who need an impermeable geomembrane. It is constructed using pure polyethylene resins, which makes it impervious to temperatures of low and UV exposure.

LLDPE geomembranes can also be used to last for an extended period and will be robust and durable for many several years. Its most effective use is in industrial applications, like containers for storage of liquids and animal and environmental waste containment.

PVC Geomembrane

Polyvinyl chloride (PVC) geomembranes are a thermoplastic waterproofing substance comprised of plasticizers, vinyl, and stabilizers. The polyvinyl chloride resin that is used to make PVC geomembranes is produced by breaking ethylene dichloride into a monomer of vinyl chloride. Then it is polymerized to create PVC resin.

It is a puncture, tear, and abrasion-resistant, meaning that it is ideal to stop contaminants from getting into water sources and ensure the quality of drinking water. Geomembranes made of PVC are highly elastic and suitable for canals, landfills, and tank linings, as well as the remediation of soil and wastewater lagoon liner.

EPDM Geomembrane

Ethylene Propylene Derne Monomer (EPDM) Geomembrane can be described as a pliable and tough material that is resistant to severe weather and punctures. It is a rubbery surface and is UV-stable, with excellent toughness.

EPDM geomembranes are used primarily as barriers to the surface of dams as well as other irrigation sites. It’s also effortless to put in, which is the reason backyard landscapers make use of this kind of geomembrane. It’s perfect for agricultural purposes like irrigation ponds, as well as liner and covers.

RPP Geomembrane

Reinforced Polypropylene (RPP) geomembranes are reinforced polyester liners that are used designed for long-term wastewater containment as well as industrial applications for waste. It’s made of a UV-stabilized polypropylene polymer that provides the material flexibility, stability, and resistance to chemical attack.

RPP geomembranes work well in instances where folds form because of irregular and unpredictable weather conditions. They are backed by nylon scrims to ensure that it’s solid and durable. This type of geomembrane is commonly employed in municipal applications such as aqua and horticulture, Evaporation Pond liner, and mine tailings.

TRP Geomembrane

Reinforced polyethylene (TRP) geomembranes look identical to RPP; however, they use Polyethylene fabrics instead. This is an excellent solution for the lining of temporary retention lakes.

TRP geomembranes also provide an extremely durable option for soil remediation. Its physical characteristics include chemical resistance as well as low-temperature range and UV stability. This kind of geomembrane is commonly used in industrial tarps, canals, and municipal and agricultural applications.

Installation of Geomembrane

Geonor Geomembrane installation in Ghana

The installation of a geomembrane liner is highly technical. The process requires welding tools as well as an experienced welder to properly install them at the site. Check out the HDPE Liner Installation guide for further details. The most popular method of anchoring the liners onto slopes on the sides is through the use using an anchor trench that runs around the perimeter.

Relevant Regulations

High-quality standards are essential when you purchase geomembrane liners for your project. HDPE geomembrane’s physical characteristics, such as the strength of tensile and tear resistance, are determined by using test methods as defined through ASTM as well as GSI.

ASTM International

With their long history in this area, Because of their extensive experience in this field, the American Society of Testing and Materials (ASTM) is the one responsible for most of all generic geomembrane testing methods.

Geosynthetic Institute (GSI)

Geosynthetic Institute (GSI) is an organization that is engaged in the field of geosynthetics. They offer complete guidelines, standards, specifications, and guidelines for all kinds of geosynthetic polymeric materials through the Geosynthetic Research Institute (GRI.)

GSI contains tests that aren’t considered by ASTM.

Geomembrane Durability

Many factors impact the degradation of polymers in the geomembranes. Things like exposure to UV radiation, chemical impacts as well as biological contaminants (animal and mushrooms) along with thermal expansion can affect the life expectancy of geomembranes.

The need for technical expertise is crucial to select the appropriate kind of material and thickness for the project. It is usually dependent on the thickness of the containment as well as the geotechnical characteristics of the area.

Check out the chart of thickness and depth for a comprehensive overview. This chart is intended for information only consult one of our expert experts for any advice that is relevant to your specific requirements.


Finding the most suitable geomembrane for your project could be difficult. Many factors like the cost, availability, and application take into consideration.

Of all geomembrane kinds, HDPE is the most advised due to its advantages in operation. It meets ecological sustainability standards, is more affordable than other geomembrane types, and offers a wide range of applications. Due to its superior mechanical properties and long-lasting durability, HDPE geomembrane is an economical solution to control seepage as well as leakage control in dams and reservoirs.

Know more about geomembranes here.

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● TAKORADI: +233 55 044 8165
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1. What is Geonor Geomembrane used for?

Geomembranes are huge membranes that are impermeable comprised of (un)reinforced polymeric substances and are utilized to support the earth’s stability and protect landfills from the encroachment of municipal or hazardous wastes and leachates.


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